Many of the beef geek cuts come from the Chuck primal. Many breeds of cattle, such as Black Angus, primarily marble in the Rib and Loin primals. Wagyu originated as draft animals and were bred to put on growth in their front (Chuck - shoulder and neck) and Wagyu display exceptional marbling throughout most primals.
Other beef geek cuts come from the Loin or Rib primals and are fairly uncommon except in high-end butcher shops.
Chuck eye - 'poor man's Ribeye'. An under-appreciated cut that is actually from the same muscle (longissimus dorsi) as the Ribeye, though it is from the Chuck rather than Rib primal, where the muscle tapers and develops more texture from more frequent use.
Denver aka McKinney - One of my personal favorites. Known in Japan as Zabuton for its resemblance to a meditation pillow. Comes from the Chuck under-blade.
Bistro Filet aka Petite tender - From the shoulder, slight resemblance to the shape of a Tri Tip. Great for roasting or grilling.
Tri Tip - Long popular, for good reason, in California and Arizona, this cut from the Loin is a treat to smoke.
Picanha aka Coullete - a tender and flavorful cut from the Loin, the same primal where the NY Strip and Tenderloin come from. Popular at Brazilian steakhouses, where it is referred to as Picanha, our version (usually) comes without the fat cap.
Bavette - Also from the Loin, imagine a tender and marbled version of a Flank steak
Ribeye cap aka Lifter steak - Our version is not the Spinalis muscle, which would have to be taken off a Ribeye, but rather a cut taken from a nearby muscle. This is one of the most flavorful cuts and pairs extremely well with red wine.